Elements of Mapping
Theory maps display conceptual relations through a number of elements, shown in the legend above. These include 1) positive and negative relationships between concepts, 2) concepts that moderate other concepts, 3) concepts that make up the fundamental elements of other concepts, and 4) varieties or examples of concepts. For an intuitive illustration of these elements, see the theory map for cars. For a more technical demonstration, see the theory map for moral judgment. It is very helpful to have the Perspectives paper handy as you go through these maps.